What is Acne?
Acne is a most irritating skin disease that causes pimples including blackheads, whiteheads and red patches of skin. It commonly breaks out on face, neck, back, shoulders and chest. Tiny pores under your skin are connected with oil glands called sebaceous glands which produce oily liquid called sebum. Sebum along with skin dead cells comes on the surface of your skin through small canals called follicles. Pimple started appearing when follicle gets blocked with oil, bacteria and skin dead cells. The blockage of follicle is called a plug.
Types of Acne:
– Non inflammatory acne includes blackheads and white heads.
If plug’s top is black, it is called blackhead. It appears on the surface of skin. Whitehead remains under skin. They are formed when plug’s top is white.
– Inflammatory acne includes papules, pustules, nobles and cysts acnes.
Papules are the pink bumps and pustules are red ones have pus at top and both are visible on skin surface. Nobles are the solid and painful pimples. Cysts cause scars and they are painful and pus filled pimples.
Factors Causing Acne:
Hormones play an important role in the formation of acne. Androgen hormones are present in men and women but they are higher in men. During adolescence, an increase in men androgen hormones cause to enlarge the sebaceous glands and produce more sebum and this help in the development of acne in men. Women menstrual cycle occurs due to the changing in the level of oestrogen hormone. These hormones are responsible for acne in women because acne become worse during menstrual cycle. Such medications including androgens or lithium cause acne. Things that increase irritation of skin e.g. rubbing from your clothes or skin exposure to high temperature cause acne to develop. Dirt, greasy food, heredity, cosmetic and stress are the factors that doesn’t cause acne but in some cases they added little to it.
Tips to get rid of Acne:
Remove makeup at night.
During acne avoid makeup that contains minerals oil.
Wash your face not more than twice a day.
If your skin is dry, use water based emollient.
Wash the affected area with mild soap, avoid scrubbing hard and don’t use very hot or cold water.
Use benzoyl peroxide gel or cream because it is proved very effective for the treatment of acne.